Journal article

Human immunodeficiency virus and menopause

Rupa Kanapathipillai, Martha Hickey, Michelle Giles

Menopause | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This article aims to review currently available evidence for women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and menopause and to propose clinical management algorithms. METHODS: Key studies addressing HIV and menopause have been reviewed, specifically age of menopause onset in HIV-infected women, frequency of menopausal symptoms, comorbidities associated with HIV and aging (including cardiovascular disease and bone disease), treatment of menopausal symptoms, and prevention of comorbidities in HIV-infected women. RESULTS: Studies suggest an earlier onset of menopause in HIV-infected women, with increased frequency of symptoms. Cardiovascular disease risk may be increased in..

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