Weight loss in elderly women in low-level care and its association with transfer to high-level care and mortality
Julie L Woods, Sandra Iuliano-Burns, Karen Z Walker
Clinical Interventions in Aging | DOVE MEDICAL PRESS LTD | Published : 2011
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether unintentional weight loss in older women predicts an imminent transition out of low-level care (either to higher-level care or by mortality). METHODS: Fifty-three Australian women, ambulatory while living in low-level care and requiring minimal assistance, were studied. At baseline, when the women were aged (mean ± standard deviation) 86.2 ± 5.3 years, body composition was assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, dietary intake was determined by a three-day weighed food record, a venous blood sample was taken, and both muscle strength and physical functioning were measured. The women were then followed up for 143 weeks to re..View full abstract
We would like to thank staff and residents of the aged care facilities for their cooperation and participation in the study. We would also like to acknowledge research nurses, Sheila Matthews, Judy Tan, and Kylie King, who sourced medical data on residents, and Bereha Khorda for performing muscle strength and functional testing. The larger trial in which this study was nested was funded by Dairy Australia.