Journal article

Current systematic carbon-cycle observations and the need for implementing a policy-relevant carbon observing system

P Ciais, AJ Dolman, A Bombelli, R Duren, A Peregon, PJ Rayner, C Miller, N Gobron, G Kinderman, G Marland, N Gruber, F Chevallier, RJ Andres, G Balsamo, L Bopp, F-M Breon, G Broquet, R Dargaville, TJ Battin, A Borges Show all

Biogeosciences | COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH | Published : 2014


A globally integrated carbon observation and analysis system is needed to improve the fundamental understanding of the global carbon cycle, to improve our ability to project future changes, and to verify the effectiveness of policies aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration. Building an integrated carbon observation system requires transformational advances from the existing sparse, exploratory framework towards a dense, robust, and sustained system in all components: anthropogenic emissions, the atmosphere, the ocean, and the terrestrial biosphere. The paper is addressed to scientists, policymakers, and funding agencies who need to have a global picture of..

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Awarded by U.S. Department of Energy

Awarded by Australian Professorial Fellowship

Awarded by Austrian Science Fund (FWF)

Awarded by Natural Environment Research Council

Awarded by Office Of The Director

Funding Acknowledgements

This study was carried out as part of the GEO task on integrated carbon observations (GEO Carbon Strategy Report; available for download at to dola/downloads.html coordinated by H. Dolman and P. Ciais), and the FP7 European Commission funded project GEOCARBON ( The writing of the manuscript is sponsored by Climate-KIC/European Institute of Technology ( through the Carbocount project. RJA was sponsored by US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research (BER) programs and performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under U.S. Department of Energy contract DE-AC05-00OR22725. P. Rayner is in receipt of an Australian Professorial Fellowship (DP1096309).