Journal article

Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (Fishman syndrome): A rare neurocutaneous syndrome

DJ Amor, AJ Kornberg, LJ Smith

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health | BLACKWELL SCIENCE ASIA | Published : 2000


Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare congenital neurocutaneous syndrome comprising unilateral cranial lipomas, lipodermoids of the eye and brain abnormalities. A 3-year-old boy who presented at birth with a scalp lipoma and an ipsilateral epibulbar lipodermoid is described. Infantile spasms developed at 9 months of age and cerebral imaging showed thickened and calcified cortex at the right occiput and hemiatrophy of the right hemisphere. These features were consistent with ECCL. Most children with ECCL have significant developmental delay, but we have found that control of seizures was associated with a significant improvement in developmental outcome.