Too many crying babies: a systematic review of pain management practices during immunizations on YouTube
Denise Harrison, Margaret Sampson, Jessica Reszel, Koowsar Abdulla, Nick Barrowman, Jordi Cumber, Ann Fuller, Claudia Li, Stuart Nicholls, Catherine M Pound
BMC PEDIATRICS | BMC | Published : 2014
BACKGROUND: Early childhood immunizations, although vital for preventative health, are painful and too often lead to fear of needles. Effective pain management strategies during infant immunizations include breastfeeding, sweet solutions, and upright front-to-front holding. However, it is unknown how often these strategies are used in clinical practice. We aimed to review the content of YouTube videos showing infants being immunized to ascertain parents' and health care professionals' use of pain management strategies, as well as to assess infants' pain and distress. METHODS: A systematic review of YouTube videos showing intramuscular injections in infants less than 12 months was completed u..View full abstract
We acknowledge The Canadian Pain Society Nursing Research and Education Award 2013 for funding support and Andrea Letham and Yehudis Stokes for their support in data analysis.