Psychiatric comorbidity in illicit drug users: Substance-induced versus independent disorders
Marta Torrens, Gail Gilchrist, Antonia Domingo-Salyany
Drug and Alcohol Dependence | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2011
BACKGROUND: Few studies have differentiated between independent and substance-induced psychiatric disorders. In this study we determine the risks associated with independent and substance-induced psychiatric disorders among a sample of 629 illicit drug users recruited from treatment and out of treatment settings. METHODS: Secondary analysis of five cross-sectional studies conducted during 2000-2006. Independent and substance-induced DSM-IV psychiatric diagnoses were assessed using the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders. RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of Axis I disorders other than substance use disorder (SUD) was 41.8%, with independent major depression being the..View full abstract
Awarded by Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (PNSD)
Awarded by FIPSE
Awarded by Fondo de Investigacion Sanitaria
National funding for the original research studies was received from the Plan Nacional sobre Drogas (PNSD 2001, 2004, INT/2012/2002); FIPSE 3035/99 and 36253/01; Fondo de Investigacion Sanitaria (FIS 98/0176; 00/0777; 00/810, G03/005 and RD 06/0001/1009). The funding organisations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.