Journal article

Severe malarial anemia of low parasite burden in rodent models results from accelerated clearance of uninfected erythrocytes

KJ Evans, DS Hansen, N van Rooijen, LA Buckingham, L Schofield

BLOOD | AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY | Published : 2006


Severe malarial anemia (SMA) is the most frequent life-threatening complication of malaria and may contribute to the majority of malarial deaths worldwide. To explore the mechanisms of pathogenesis, we developed a novel murine model of SMA in which parasitemias peaked around 1.0% of circulating red blood cells (RBCs) and yet hemoglobin levels fell to 47% to 56% of baseline. The severity of anemia was independent of the level of peak or cumulative parasitemia, but was linked kinetically to the duration of patent infection. In vivo biotinylation analysis of the circulating blood compartment revealed that anemia arose from accelerated RBC turnover. Labeled RBCs were reduced to 1% of circulating..

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University of Melbourne Researchers