Journal article

A justification for less restrictive guidelines on the use of metformin in stable chronic renal failure

WR Adam, RC O'Brien

Diabetic Medicine | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2014

Abstract

AIM: The aim was to justify less restrictive use of metformin in stable chronic renal failure, because a literature review reveals metformin is associated with a significantly lower incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality compared with other hypoglycaemic agents, and metformin-associated lactic acidosis is rare and causation uncertain. Studies on intentional metformin overdose and metformin bioavailability, renal clearance and plasma metformin in renal impairment provide evidence in support of a less restrictive use of metformin. METHODS: In metformin overdose (n = 22), lactic acidosis was not inevitable with a plasma metformin > 40 mg/l (therapeutic level c. 1 mg/l): Severe lactic ..

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