Journal article

Rhesus monkeys and baboons develop clotting factor VIII inhibitors in response to porcine endothelial cells or islets

John M Stewart, Alice F Tarantal, Wayne J Hawthorne, Evelyn J Salvaris, Philip J O'Connell, Mark B Nottle, Anthony JF d'Apice, Peter J Cowan, Mary Kearns-Jonker

Xenotransplantation | WILEY | Published : 2014

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Xenotransplantation of porcine organs holds promise of solving the human organ donor shortage. The use of α-1,3-galactosyltransferase knockout (GTKO) pig donors mitigates hyperacute rejection, while delayed rejection is currently precipitated by potent immune and hemostatic complications. Previous analysis by our laboratory suggests that clotting factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors might be elicited by the structurally restricted xenoantibody response which occurs after transplantation of either pig GTKO/hCD55/hCD59/hHT transgenic neonatal islet cell clusters or GTKO endothelial cells. METHODS: A recombinant xenoantibody was generated using sequences from baboons demonstrating an acti..

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