Book Chapter

The Cell Biology of Cellulose Synthesis

Heather E McFarlane, Anett Doering, Staffan Persson

ANNUAL REVIEW OF PLANT BIOLOGY, VOL 65 | Annual Review of Plant Biology | ANNUAL REVIEWS | Published : 2014

Abstract

Plant stature and development are governed by cell proliferation and directed cell growth. These parameters are determined largely by cell wall characteristics. Cellulose microfibrils, composed of hydrogen-bonded β-1,4 glucans, are key components for anisotropic growth in plants. Cellulose is synthesized by plasma membrane-localized cellulose synthase complexes. In higher plants, these complexes are assembled into hexameric rosettes in intracellular compartments and secreted to the plasma membrane. Here, the complexes typically track along cortical microtubules, which may guide cellulose synthesis, until the complexes are inactivated and/or internalized. Determining the regulatory aspects th..

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