Journal article

A brief overview of amyloids and Alzheimer's disease

Sian-Yang Ow, Dave E Dunstan

Protein Science | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2014

Abstract

Amyloid fibrils are self‐assembled fibrous protein aggregates that are associated with a number of presently incurable diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Millions of people worldwide suffer from amyloid diseases. This review summarizes the unique cross‐β structure of amyloid fibrils, morphological variations, the kinetics of amyloid fibril formation, and the cytotoxic effects of these fibrils and oligomers. Alzheimer's disease is also explored as an example of an amyloid disease to show the various approaches to treat these amyloid diseases. Finally, this review investigates the nanotechnological and biological applications of amyloid fibrils; as well as a summary of the t..

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University of Melbourne Researchers