Journal article

Proline-rich antimicrobial peptides: potential therapeutics against antibiotic-resistant bacteria

Wenyi Li, Julien Tailhades, Neil M O'Brien-Simpson, Frances Separovic, Laszlo Otvos, M Akhter Hossain, John D Wade

AMINO ACIDS | SPRINGER WIEN | Published : 2014


The increasing resistance of pathogens to antibiotics causes a huge clinical burden that places great demands on academic researchers and the pharmaceutical industry for resolution. Antimicrobial peptides, part of native host defense, have emerged as novel potential antibiotic alternatives. Among the different classes of antimicrobial peptides, proline-rich antimicrobial peptides, predominantly sourced from insects, have been extensively investigated to study their specific modes of action. In this review, we focus on recent developments in these peptides. They show a variety of modes of actions, including mechanism shift at high concentration, non-lytic mechanisms, as well as possessing dif..

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Awarded by Australian Research Council

Awarded by Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Funding Acknowledgements

We acknowledge partial support of the studies undertaken in the authors' laboratory by the Australian Research Council (DP150103522) to MAH and JDW and the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Grant APP1029878 to NMOBS. JDW is an NHMRC (Australia) Principal Research Fellow. Research at the FNI was supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program.