Journal article

THE TEMPORAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MENTAL HEALTH AND DISABILITY AFTER INJURY

Stephanie Schweininger, David Forbes, Mark Creamer, Alexander C McFarlane, Derrick Silove, Richard A Bryant, Meaghan L O'Donnell

Depression and Anxiety (Hoboken) | WILEY | Published : 2015

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study investigated the temporal relationship patterns between disability and mental health after injury, with a focus on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety. METHOD: We conducted a multi-sited longitudinal cohort study with a large sample of hospital patients admitted after injury (N = 1,149, mean age = 37.9, 73.6% male). Data were collected prior to discharge from hospital, and follow-up assessments took place 3 and 12 months postinjury. A cross-lagged structural equation model (SEM) was used to assess the prospective relationship between posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depression symptoms and disability while controlling for demogra..

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