Journal article

Increasing ewe genetic fecundity improves whole-farm production and reduces greenhouse gas emissions intensities 1. Sheep production and emissions intensities

Matthew T Harrison, Tom Jackson, Brendan R Cullen, Richard P Rawnsley, Christie Ho, Leo Cummins, Richard J Eckard

Agricultural Systems | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2014

Abstract

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from livestock constitute the largest proportion of Australian agricultural GHG emissions, necessitating development of strategies for mitigating GHG emissions from the livestock sector. Here we simulate a self-replacing prime lamb enterprise to examine the effect of increasing ewe genetic fecundity on whole farm GHG emissions, animal production and emissions per animal product (emissions intensity; EI).Breeding ewes were a cross-bred genotype containing the Booroola (FecB) gene with average lambing rates of 1.5-2.0 lambs per ewe. Lambs were born in winter on pastures of phalaris, cocksfoot and subterranean clover, and were sold at the beginning of summer. Floc..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

This project was supported by The University of Melbourne, The Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture and the Victorian Department of Environment and Primary Industries, through funding from the Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Dairy Australia, Meat and Livestock Australia and Australian Wool Innovation.