Journal article

Cultural differences in perceived coherence of the self and ingroup: A Japan-Australia comparison

Saori Tsukamoto, Elise Holland, Nick Haslam, Minoru Karasawa, Yoshihisa Kashima

Asian Journal Of Social Psychology | WILEY-BLACKWELL | Published : 2015

Abstract

Past studies have found that East Asians ascribe less consistency to individual selves than Westerners, but ascribe more consistency to social groups than Westerners. Using the concepts of naive dialecticism (i.e. the tendency to tolerate contradiction) and psychological essentialism (i.e. the tendency to attribute a fixed essence to something) as different aspects of consistency perception, we examined patterns of perceived consistency of the self and national ingroup among Japanese and Australians. Compared to Australians, Japanese showed more naive dialecticism and less psychological essentialism for the self; however, this cultural difference was not found for their national ingroups. Th..

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