Pathways to social anxiety: The role of reinforcement sensitivities and emotion regulation
Elodie J O'Connor, Petra K Staiger, Nicolas Kambouropoulos, Luke D Smillie
Psychiatry Research | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2014
Past research has demonstrated a strong relationship between threat sensitivity and social anxiety; however, the relationship between reward sensitivity and social anxiety is less clear. Further, the role that emotion regulation (ER) may play in the expression of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is rarely considered. The current study tested whether two emotion regulation strategies (emotional suppression and cognitive reappraisal) mediated associations between threat sensitivity and reward sensitivity and social anxiety in a community sample (402 adults, 78% female; Mage=32.49, S.D.age=11.53). Path analyses indicated that low reappraisal mediated the relationship between high threat sensitivit..View full abstract
Preparation of this paper was assisted by a writing scholarship grant from Deakin University awarded to Elodie O'Connor. The authors would like to acknowledge James Williams for his assistance with statistical analysis.