Journal article

The effect of ethnicity on the prevalence of diabetes and associated chronic kidney disease

G Dreyer, S Hull, Z Aitken, A Chesser, MM Yaqoob

QJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2009

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The effect of ethnicity on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and associated chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown. AIM: To establish the impact of ethnicity on the prevalence and severity of diabetes mellitus and associated CKD. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 34 359 adult diabetic patients in three primary care trusts in the UK. METHODS: Read coded data from general practice computers was used to analyse the relationship between ethnicity, DM and CKD. RESULTS: The prevalence of DM was 3.5% for Whites, 11% for South Asians and 8% for Black groups. The prevalence of CKD (stages 3-5) among diabetics was 18%. CKD stage 3 was more prevalent in Whites compared to South Asian..

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