Journal article

Changes in gait performance over several years are associated with recurrent falls status in community-dwelling older women at high risk of fracture

David Scott, Patrick McLaughlin, Geoff C Nicholson, Peter R Ebeling, Amanda L Stuart, Deborah Kay, Kerrie M Sanders

Age and Ageing | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Gait analysis is a recommended geriatric assessment for falls risk and sarcopenia; however, previous research utilises measurements at a single time point only. It is presently unclear how changes in gait over several years influence risk of recurrent falls in older adults. METHODS: We investigated 135 female volunteers (mean age±SD: 76.7±5.0 years; range: 70-92 years) at high risk of fracture. Gait parameters (speed, cadence, step length, step width, swing time and double support phase) were assessed using the GAITRite Electronic Walkway System at four annual clinics over ∼3.7±0.5 years. Participants reported incident falls monthly for 3.7±1.2 years. RESULTS: Increasing gait spe..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers