Journal article

Myopia in Young Adults Is Inversely Related to an Objective Marker of Ocular Sun Exposure: The Western Australian Raine Cohort Study

Charlotte M Mcknight, Justin C Sherwin, Seyhan Yazar, Hannah Forward, Alex X Tan, Alex W Hewitt, Craig E Pennell, Ian L Mcallister, Terri L Young, Minas T Coroneo, David A Mackey

American Journal of Ophthalmology | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2014

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the association between ocular sun exposure measured by conjunctival ultraviolet (UV) autofluorescence and myopic refractive error in young adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: setting: Population-based cohort in Western Australia. study population: Total of 1344 mostly white subjects aged 19-22 years in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Eye Health Study. observation procedures: Cycloplegic autorefraction, conjunctival ultraviolet autofluorescence photography, participant questionnaire. main outcome measures: Prevalence of myopic refractive error (spherical equivalent less than -0.50 diopters) and area of conjunctival ultraviolet autofluorescenc..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Canberra, Australia


Awarded by National Institutes of Health, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA


Awarded by NATIONAL EYE INSTITUTE


Funding Acknowledgements

ALL AUTHORS HAVE COMPLETED AND SUBMITTED THE ICMJE FORM FOR DISCLOSURE OF POTENTIAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST and none were reported. Funding/support: Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Canberra, Australia (App 102110), The University of Western Australia, Perth, West Australia, Raine Medical Research Foundation, Perth, West Australia, The University of Western Australia Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, Perth, West Australia, The Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, West Australia, The Women and Infants Research Foundation, Perth, West Australia, Curtin University, Perth, West Australia, The Alcon Research Institute, Fort Worth, Texas, USA, Telethon, Perth, West Australia, The Ophthalmic Research Institute of Australia, Sydney, West Australia, Australian Foundation for Prevention of Blindness Trust, Perth, West Australia, National Institutes of Health, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA (R01 EY014685). Contributions of authors: concept and design (C.M., J.S., S.Y., H.F., A.T., A.H., C.P., I.M., T.Y., M.C., D.M.), analysis and interpretation (C.M., J.S., S.Y.), writing the article (C.M.), critical revision of the article (C.M., J.S., S.Y., H.F., A.T., A.H., C.P., I.M., T.Y., M.C., D.M.), final approval of the article'(C.M., J.S., S.Y., H.F., A.T., A.H., C.P., I.M., T.Y., M.C., D.M.), data collection (C.M., S.Y., H.F., A.T., D.M.), statistical expertise (J.S., S.Y.), obtaining funding (C.P., T.Y., M.C., D.M.).