Journal article

The use of epigenetic phenomena for the improvement of sheep and cattle

Michael E Goddard, Emma Whitelaw

Frontiers in Genetics | FRONTIERS MEDIA SA | Published : 2014

Abstract

This review considers the evidence for inheritance across generations of epigenetic marks and how this phenomenon could be exploited in the cattle and sheep industries. Epigenetic marks are chemical changes in the chromosomes that affect the expression of genes and hence the phenotype of the cell and are passed on during mitosis so that the daughter cells have the same chemical changes or epigenetic marks as the parent cell. Although most epigenetic marks are wiped clean in the process of forming a new zygote, some epigenetic marks (epimutations) may be passed on from parent to offspring. The inheritance of epigenetic marks across generations is difficult to prove as there are usually altern..

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University of Melbourne Researchers