Journal article

Polymorphisms of an Innate Immune Gene, Toll-Like Receptor 4, and Aggressive Prostate Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Pei-Hsuan Weng, Yi-Ling Huang, John H Page, Jen-Hau Chen, Jianfeng Xu, Stella Koutros, Sonja Berndt, Stephen Chanock, Meredith Yeager, John S Witte, Rosalind A Eeles, Douglas F Easton, David E Neal, Jenny Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Kenneth R Muir, Graham Giles, Gianluca Severi, Jeffrey R Smith, Carmela R Balistreri Show all

PLoS One | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2014

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is one of the best known TLR members expressed on the surface of several leukocytes and tissue cells and has a key function in detecting pathogen and danger-associated molecular patterns. The role of TLR4 in the pathophysiology of several age-related diseases is also well recognized, such as prostate cancer (PCa). TLR4 polymorphisms have been related to PCa risk, but the relationship between TLR4 genotypes and aggressive PCa risk has not been evaluated by any systematic reviews. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of candidate-gene and genome-wide association studies analyzing this relationship and included only white population..

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