Journal article

Cohesin Rad21 Mediates Loss of Heterozygosity and Is Upregulated via Wnt Promoting Transcriptional Dysregulation in Gastrointestinal Tumors

Huiling Xu, Yuqian Yan, Siddhartha Deb, Danny Rangasamy, Markus Germann, Jordane Malaterre, Noreen C Eder, Robyn L Ward, Nicholas J Hawkins, Richard W Tothill, Long Chen, Neil J Mortensen, Stephen B Fox, Michael J McKay, Robert G Ramsay

CELL REPORTS | CELL PRESS | Published : 2014

Abstract

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene triggers a series of molecular events leading to intestinal adenomagenesis. Haploinsufficiency of the cohesin Rad21 influences multiple initiating events in colorectal cancer (CRC). We identify Rad21 as a gatekeeper of LOH and a β-catenin target gene and provide evidence that Wnt pathway activation drives RAD21 expression in human CRC. Genome-wide analyses identified Rad21 as a key transcriptional regulator of critical CRC genes and long interspersed element (LINE-1 or L1) retrotransposons. Elevated RAD21 expression tracks with reactivation of L1 expression in human sporadic CRC, implicating cohesin-mediated L1 express..

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