Journal article

The Characteristics and Outcome of Infective Endocarditis Involving Implantable Cardiac Devices

Eugene Athan

Current Infectious Disease Reports | SPRINGER | Published : 2014


Infection of implantable cardiac electronic devices in particular lead endocarditis (cardiac device infective endocarditis (CDIE)) is an emerging problem with significant morbidity, mortality and health care costs. The epidemiology is characterised with advanced age and health care association in cases presenting within 6 months of implantation. Risk factors include those of the patient, the procedure and the device. Staphylococcal species predominate as the causative organisms. Diagnosis is reliably made by blood cultures and transesophageal echocardiography. Complications include pulmonary and systemic emboli, persistent bacteremia and concomitant valvular involvement. Management includes ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers