Journal article

Prevalence and risk factors of myopia in Victoria, Australia

M Wensor, CA McCarty, HR Taylor

ARCHIVES OF OPHTHALMOLOGY | AMER MEDICAL ASSOC | Published : 1999

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of myopia in urban and rural Victoria, Australia. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The Visual Impairment Project is a population-based prevalence study of eye disease in which both urban and rural adult populations were examined. Refractive data on the participants were collected using logMAR visual acuity, corrective lens measurement, and subjective refraction. All refractive error data were converted into spherical equivalent and myopia was defined at 2 levels: worse than -0.5 diopters (D) and worse than -1.00 D. RESULTS: A total of 3271 (83%) urban and 1473 (91%) rural residents were examined. The overall prevalence of myopia worse than -0...

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