Journal article

HIGH PREVALENCE OF DIABETIC-RETINOPATHY AND NEPHROPATHY IN POLYNESIANS OF WESTERN-SAMOA

VR COLLINS, GK DOWSE, WE PLEHWE, TT IMO, PM TOELUPE, HR TAYLOR, PZ ZIMMET

DIABETES CARE | AMER DIABETES ASSOC | Published : 1995

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy retinopathy and nephropathy and to define associated risk factors in Polynesian Western Samoans with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A 1991 population-based study in Samoan adults (ages 25-74 years) included a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test, anthropometric measurements, and blood pressure recordings. Subjects with NIDDM or IGT had 45-degree stereo photographs taken (n = 263) (three standard fields of the right eye), and retinopathy was graded in comparison with Airlie House photographs. First-morning urine samples (n = 304) were al..

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