Journal article

Prevalence and risk factors for diabetic retinopathy in the multiethnic population of Mauritius

GK Dowse, ARG Humphrey, VR Collins, W Plehwe, H Gareeboo, D Fareed, F Hemraj, HR Taylor, J Tuomilehto, KGMM Alberti, PZ Zimmet

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY | JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV SCHOOL HYGIENE PUB HEALTH | Published : 1998

Abstract

This study examines the prevalence of, and risk factors for, diabetic retinopathy in Asian Indian, Chinese, and Creole Mauritians in whom there is an increasing prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). As part of a population-based survey on the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius in 1992, glucose tolerance was classified using a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test on 6,553 persons. Subjects with newly diagnosed (n = 358) or known diabetes (n = 388), and a random sample of one in four subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (n = 165), had stereoscopic 45 degrees retinal photographs taken of three fields in the right eye after mydriasis. Photographs were graded according to a..

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