Journal article

An Overview of Hybrid Water Supply Systems in the Context of Urban Water Management: Challenges and Opportunities

M Sapkota, M ARORA, H Malano, M Moglia, A Sharma, B George, F Pamminger

Water | MDPI AG | Published : 2015


This paper presents a critical review of the physical impacts of decentralized water supply systems on existing centralized water infrastructures. This paper highlights the combination of centralized and decentralized systems, which is referred to as hybrid water supply systems. The system is hypothesized to generate more sustainable and resilient urban water systems. The basic concept is to use decentralized water supply options such as rainwater tanks, storm water harvesting and localized wastewater treatment and reuse in combination with centralized systems. Currently the impact of hybrid water supply technologies on the operational performance of the downstream infrastructure and existin..

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