PERTURBATION OF PARACETAMOL URINARY METABOLIC RATIOS BY URINE FLOW-RATE
JO MINERS, NJ OSBORNE, AL TONKIN, DJ BIRKETT
BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY | BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD | Published : 1992
The effects of high and low urine flow rates on the urinary metabolic ratios for paracetamol glucuronidation, sulphation and oxidation were determined at steady-state in seven healthy young adult volunteers. Metabolic partial clearances were unaffected by urine flow rate, but individual paracetamol metabolic ratios varied 2.5- to 3.2-fold over a 7.4-fold range of urine flow rates (0.81-6.00 ml min-1). The change in metabolic ratios was due entirely to a 2.5-fold change in renal clearance of unchanged paracetamol. These data emphasise the limitations of the metabolic ratio as a measure of intrinsic clearance for compounds which undergo some degree of tubular reabsorption.