Journal article

The behavior of stratified pools in the Wimmera River, Australia

AW Western, IC ONeill, RL Hughes, JB Nolan

WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH | AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION | Published : 1996

Abstract

Numerous inland Australian streams contain density-stratified or saline pools, which are usually located on channel bends. Saline pools consist of a layer of saline water underlying a layer of fresh water. Saline pools generally form as a result of saline groundwater seeping into the stream and collecting in scour depressions during periods of low flow. Inflows of saline river water can also collect in scour depressions. Field and laboratory investigations of saline pool mixing by overflowing fresh water reveal that mixing depends on a balance between interfacial shear and buoyancy forces acting on a thin dense layer flowing up the downstream slope of the scour depression, and on the bend sh..

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