Journal article

Update on Viral Diseases of the Equine Respiratory Tract

JR Gilkerson, KE Bailey, A Diaz-Mendez, CA Hartley

Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice | Elsevier | Published : 2015

Abstract

Many viral agents have been associated with respiratory disease of the horse. The most important viral causes of respiratory disease in horses are equine influenza and the equine alphaherpesviruses. Agents such as equine viral arteritis virus, African horse sickness virus, and Hendra virus establish systemic infections. Clinical signs of disease resulting from infection with these agents can manifest as respiratory disease, but the respiratory tract is not the major body system affected by these viruses. Treatment of viral respiratory disease is generally limited to supportive therapies, whereas targeted antimicrobial therapy is effective in cases of bacterial infection.