Journal article

Characterization of Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields from Diesel, Gasoline and Hybrid Cars under Controlled Conditions

Ronen Hareuveny, Madhuri Sudan, Malka N Halgamuge, Yoav Yaffe, Yuval Tzabari, Daniel Namir, Leeka Kheifets

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health | MDPI | Published : 2015


This study characterizes extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic field (MF) levels in 10 car models. Extensive measurements were conducted in three diesel, four gasoline, and three hybrid cars, under similar controlled conditions and negligible background fields. Averaged over all four seats under various driving scenarios the fields were lowest in diesel cars (0.02 μT), higher for gasoline (0.04-0.05 μT) and highest in hybrids (0.06-0.09 μT), but all were in-line with daily exposures from other sources. Hybrid cars had the highest mean and 95th percentile MF levels, and an especially large percentage of measurements above 0.2 μT. These parameters were also higher for moving conditions compar..

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Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Chief Scientist Office at the Israeli Ministry of National Infrastructures, Energy and Water Resources. The authors would like to thank the transportation department team at Soreq NRC, Tal Riemer, and those who allowed us to borrow their cars for this research.