Journal article

Urban/rural differences in prevalence and risk factors for intestinal helminth infection in southern Malawi

K Phiri, CJM Whitty, SM Graham, G Ssembatya-Lule

ANNALS OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND PARASITOLOGY | MANEY PUBLISHING | Published : 2000

Abstract

Urbanization may increase the risk of human infection with intestinal helminths. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence, intensity and potential risk factors of acquiring such infection, among children aged 3-14 years in similar urban and rural communities in southern Malawi. Stool samples were collected from 553 children (273 urban and 280 rural). The overall prevalence of helminth infection was significantly higher in the urban subjects than in the rural (16.5% v. 3.6%; P < 0.001), mostly because of differences in the prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides infection. Living in an urban community was associated with a significantly higher risk of infection [odds ra..

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