Journal article

Clinical presentation and outcome of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in Malawian children

SM Graham, EI Mtitimila, HS Kamanga, AL Walsh, CA Hart, ME Molyneux

LANCET | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2000

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Necropsy studies from Africa have shown that Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) is common in infants with HIV infection. We aimed to describe the rate, clinical presentation, and outcome of PCP in young Malawian children with acute severe pneumonia. METHODS: Children aged between 2 months and 5 years who were in hospital with a diagnosis of severe pneumonia were admitted to a study ward for clinical monitoring. We carried out blood culture, immunofluorescence on nasopharyngeal aspirate samples to test for PCP, polymerase chain reaction to detect HIV, and chest radiography. FINDINGS: 16 cases of PCP were identified among 150 children with radiologically confirmed severe pneumoni..

View full abstract