Journal article

THE S-ANTIGEN OF PLASMODIUM-FALCIPARUM - REPERTOIRE AND ORIGIN OF DIVERSITY

Q BICKLE, RF ANDERS, K DAY, RL COPPEL

MOLECULAR AND BIOCHEMICAL PARASITOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 1993

Abstract

S-antigens are heat-stable, highly polymorphic proteins released by Plasmodium falciparum at the time of schizont rupture. Previously determined S-antigen sequences allowed the proposal of a general gene structure consisting of 5 sequence blocks. The sequence of the central block of tandem repeats provides a useful means of distinguishing the S-antigen allele and also its serotype, whereas the amino and carboxy terminal sequences defined the S-antigen family, 4 of which have been described. We present the sequence of 3 new S-antigen alleles, for the isolates HB3, KF1916 and KF1917. The allele-defining repeat sequence is ETGPGKAGEQG for HB3, GDQTEGS(S/A)GGK for KF1917 and AGSNE(E/K) for KF191..

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