Journal article

A QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF PYRETHROID-INDUCED PARESTHESIA IN THE GUINEA-PIG FLANK MODEL

CM MCKILLOP, JAC BROCK, GJA OLIVER, C RHODES

TOXICOLOGY LETTERS | ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD | Published : 1987

Abstract

Pyrethroids are known to induce cutaneous effects in man which are distinct from the classical irritation and vascular responses. These effects are characterised by transient facial burning and tingling sensations. The aetiology of this cutaneous effect is related to the ability of pyrethroids to produce trains of nerve impulses in afferent nerves by prolonging the opening of the neuronal sodium channel. The veratrum alkaloids which are structurally dissimilar to the pyrethroids are known to affect the sodium channel in a similar manner. Using the guinea-pig flank model which has been developed to study this cutaneous phenomenon we have constructed dose-response curves to three structurally ..

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