Journal article

Does reverse causality explain the relationship between diet and depression?

Felice N Jacka, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kaarin J Anstey, Peter Butterworth

JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Observational studies have repeatedly demonstrated relationships between habitual diet quality and depression. However, whilst reverse causality has not been the identified mechanism for these associations in prospective studies, the relationship between diet and depression is likely complex and bidirectional. Thus explicit investigation of the reverse causality hypothesis is warranted. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Study, a longitudinal community survey following three age cohorts from Australia. Analyses evaluated the relationships between past depression and treatment, current depressive symptoms and dietary patterns. RESULT..

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Grants

Awarded by NHMRC


Awarded by ARC


Funding Acknowledgements

This study was supported by NHMRC Grants no. 973302, Programme Grants no. 179805 and 350833, and NHMRC project Grant no. 157125. KJA is funded by NHMRC Research Fellowship no. 1002560. NC is funded by an ARC Future Fellowship No. 120100227. FNJ is funded by Deakin University. The funders played no role in the design or conduct of this study.