Journal article

Sofalcone Upregulates the Nuclear Factor (Erythroid-Derived 2)-Like 2/Heme Oxygenase-1 Pathway, Reduces Soluble fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase-1, and Quenches Endothelial Dysfunction Potential Therapeutic for Preeclampsia

Kenji Onda, Stephen Tong, Anzu Nakahara, Mei Kondo, Hideaki Monchusho, Toshihiko Hirano, Tu'uhevaha Kaitu'u-Lino, Sally Beard, Natalie Binder, Laura Tuohey, Fiona Brownfoot, Natalie J Hannan



Preeclampsia is a severe complication of pregnancy, characterized by hypertension, oxidative stress, and severe endothelial dysfunction. Antiangiogenic factors, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin, play key pathophysiological roles in preeclampsia. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a cytoprotective, antioxidant enzyme reported to be downregulated in preeclampsia. Studies propose that inducing HO-1 may also decrease sFlt-1 production. Sofalcone, a gastric antiulcer agent in clinical use, is known to induce HO-1 in gastric epithelium. We aimed to investigate whether sofalcone induces HO-1 and reduces sFlt-1 release from primary human placental and endothelial cells and bl..

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