Journal article

Measuring community strength and social capital

J Western, R Stimson, S Baum, Y Van Gellecum

REGIONAL STUDIES | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2005

Abstract

Five case study communities in both metropolitan and regional urban locations in Australia are used as test sites to develop measures of 'community strength' on four domains: Natural Capital; Produced Economic Capital; Human Capital; and Social and Institutional Capital. The paper focuses on the fourth domain. Sample surveys of households in the five case study communities used a survey instrument with scaled items to measure four aspects of social capital - formal norms, informal norms, formal structures and informal structures - that embrace the concepts of trust, reciprocity, bonds, bridges, links and networks in the interaction of individuals with their community inherent in the notion s..

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