Journal article

GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID STIMULATES INTRINSIC INHIBITORY AND EXCITATORY NERVES IN THE GUINEA-PIG INTESTINE

A KRANTIS, M COSTA, JB FURNESS, J ORBACH

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 1980

Abstract

The sites of action of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were examined in preparations of the distal colon and ileum of guinea pigs. GABA caused transient relaxations of the longitudinal and circular muscle of the colon and transient contractions followed by relaxation of the muscle of the ileum. The responses of both parts of the intestine were antagonized by tetrodotoxin and by bicuculline. Nerve-free preparations of the longitudinal muscle of the ileum were not affected by GABA, even in concentrations up to 10(-4) g/ml. There was a marked tachyphylaxis of the responses to GABA. Relaxations in response to GABA were not affected by pentolinium or by a combination of phentolamine and propranolo..

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