Journal article

TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION OF 2 GLUTAMATE-DECARBOXYLASE GENES IN THE ILEUM OF RAT, MOUSE AND GUINEA-PIG

S WILLIAMSON, BE FAULKNERJONES, DS CRAM, JB FURNESS, LC HARRISON

JOURNAL OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM | ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV | Published : 1995

Abstract

gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter, synthesised from glutamate by glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), in the central nervous system. Two forms of GAD, designated GAD 65 and GAD 67, are encoded by distinct genes and have been demonstrated in the mammalian brain. GABA has been postulated to be synthesised in neurons of the enteric nervous system (ENS), but evidence for its role as an enteric neurotransmitter is equivocal. We therefore aimed to determine whether GAD 65 and GAD 67 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and proteins were expressed in the ileum of mice, rats and guinea pigs. Using an RNase protection assay, both GAD 65 and GAD 67 mRNAs were detected in the rodent sma..

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