Journal article

Letters, green cards, telephone calls and postcards: systematic and meta-analytic review of brief contact interventions for reducing self-harm, suicide attempts and suicide

Allison J Milner, Greg Carter, Jane Pirkis, Jo Robinson, Matthew J Spittal

BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in brief contact interventions for self-harm and suicide attempt. AIMS: To synthesise the evidence regarding the effectiveness of brief contact interventions for reducing self-harm, suicide attempt and suicide. METHOD: A systematic review and random-effects meta-analyses were conducted of randomised controlled trials using brief contact interventions (telephone contacts; emergency or crisis cards; and postcard or letter contacts). Several sensitivity analyses were conducted to examine study quality and subgroup effects. RESULTS: We found 14 eligible studies overall, of which 12 were amenable to meta-analyses. For any subsequent episode of self-harm or su..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council Capacity Building Grant in Population Health and Health Services Research


Funding Acknowledgements

The National Health and Medical Research Council Capacity Building Grant in Population Health and Health Services Research (ID 546248) provided salary support for AJM. The funding source had no involvement in the study design; collection, analysis and interpretation of data; the writing of the report, or in the decision to submit the paper for publication.