Journal article

Additionality, common practice and incentive schemes for the uptake of innovations

Belinda Barnes, Darren Southwell, Sarah Bruce, Felicity Woodhams

Technological Forecasting and Social Change | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2014

Abstract

Crucial components of carbon offset trading schemes are the determination of whether a technology or practice is innovative (i.e. not common practice), and whether the practice is adopted as a result of incentives (termed additional). Under schemes such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), early adopters of carbon reducing technologies receive tradable carbon credits that can be sold to businesses to offset their emissions. However, frameworks for distinguishing early adopters are inconsistent, and the effect of incentive schemes on uptake is poorly understood. In this study we: 1) review measures of common practice taken from the literature with the purpose of informing a standardised ..

View full abstract