Journal article

Mannan induces ROS-regulated, IL-17A-dependent psoriasis arthritis-like disease in mice

Ia Khmaladze, Tiina Kelkka, Simon Guerard, Kajsa Wing, Angela Pizzolla, Amit Saxena, Katarina Lundqvist, Meirav Holmdahl, Kutty Selva Nandakumar, Rikard Holmdahl

PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA | NATL ACAD SCIENCES | Published : 2014

Abstract

Psoriasis (Ps) and psoriasis arthritis (PsA) are poorly understood common diseases, induced by unknown environmental factors, affecting skin and articular joints. A single i.p. exposure to mannan from Saccharomyces cerevisiae induced an acute inflammation in inbred mouse strains resembling human Ps and PsA-like disease, whereas multiple injections induced a relapsing disease. Exacerbation of disease severity was observed in mice deficient for generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Interestingly, restoration of ROS production, specifically in macrophages, ameliorated both skin and joint disease. Neutralization of IL-17A, mainly produced by γδ T cells, completely blocked disease symptoms..

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