Journal article

Cortical microarchitecture changes in genetic epilepsy

Verena C Wimmer, Melody Y-S Li, Samuel F Berkovic, Steven Petrou

NEUROLOGY | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2015

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The human GABAAγ2(R43Q) mutation is associated with genetic epilepsy. Because of the role of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in brain development, we asked whether this epilepsy mutation might affect excitability by changing cortical cytoarchitecture. METHODS: We used a mouse model harboring a heterozygous R43Q missense mutation in the GABAA receptor subunit γ2, as identified in a family with absence epilepsy and febrile seizures. Three-dimensional quantification of immunostained neurons (NeuN), inhibitory neurons (GABA), and inhibitory neuron subpopulations (calretinin, parvalbumin, and calbindin) was performed in fiducial somatosensory cortical columns of seizure-naive GABAAγ2(R43Q) ..

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