Journal article

THE RETINAE OF PROTOTHERIAN MAMMALS POSSESS NEURONAL TYPES THAT ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF NONMAMMALIAN RETINAE

HM YOUNG, DI VANEY

VISUAL NEUROSCIENCE | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 1990

Abstract

This study has shown that the retinae of Prototherian (egg-laying) mammals possess two neuronal types that are present in non-mammalian retinae, but absent or morphologically different in the retinae of Eutherian (placental) mammals. First, endogenous serotonin-like immunoreactivity has been localized in a population of presumptive amacrine cells in the platypus retina, the first such report in a mammalian retina. Second, the protein kinase C-immunoreactive (PKC-IR) bipolar cells in the echidna retina appear similar to the PKC-IR bipolars in the chicken retina, in that their dendrites give rise to a Landolt's club and their axons are multistratified. By contrast, the PKC-IR rod bipolar cells..

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