Journal article

Lessons from the mouse: potential contribution of bystander lymphocyte activation by viruses to human type 1 diabetes

Jessica A Pane, Barbara S Coulson

DIABETOLOGIA | SPRINGER | Published : 2015

Abstract

Viruses are considered to be potential key modulators of type 1 diabetes mellitus, with several possible mechanisms proposed for their modes of action. Here we discuss the evidence for virus involvement, including pancreatic infection and the induction of T cell-mediated molecular mimicry. A particular focus of this review is the further possibility that virus infection triggers bystander activation of pre-existing autoreactive lymphocytes. In this scenario, the virus triggers dendritic cell maturation and proinflammatory cytokine secretion by engaging pattern recognition receptors. These proinflammatory cytokines provoke bystander autoreactive lymphocyte activation in the presence of cognat..

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