Journal article

Cochlear histopathologic characteristics following long-term implantation - Safety studies in the young monkey

MJ Burton, RK Shepherd, GM Clark

ARCHIVES OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD & NECK SURGERY | AMER MEDICAL ASSOC | Published : 1996

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of cochlear implantation in children 2 years of age or younger using a non-human primate model. DESIGN: Histopathologic study. SUBJECTS: Five macaque monkeys. INTERVENTION: A commercially produced electrode array was implanted for 3 years. RESULTS: Histologic examination demonstrated the biocompatibility of the scala tympani electrode array. Limited soft-tissue growth and new bone growth were observed in the lower basal turn. There was no evidence of intracochlear infection. Evidence of minimal insertion trauma was seen. Hair cell loss was, in general, confined to the region of the electrode array, with normal hair cell populations toward the apex, although ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers