Two mismatch repair gene mutations found in a colon cancer patient - which one is pathogenic?
R Kariola, R Otway, KE Lonnqvist, TE Raevaara, F Macrae, YJ Vos, M Kohonen-Corish, RMW Hofstra, M Nystrom-Lahti
HUMAN GENETICS | SPRINGER-VERLAG | Published : 2003
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is a dominantly inherited cancer syndrome. Germline mutations in five different mismatch repair (MMR) genes, MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, MLH3, and PMS2 are linked to HNPCC. Here, we describe two colon cancer families in which the index patients carry missense mutations in both MSH2 and MSH6. The MSH2 mutation, I145M, is the same in both families, whereas the MSH6 mutations are different (R1095H and L1354Q). The families do not fulfil the international criteria for HNPCC, one family comprising two and the other family four colon cancer patients, all in one generation, resembling a recessive rather than dominant inheritance characteristic of HNPCC. The t..View full abstract