Journal article

Onset of asphyxial state in nonrespiring interval between cord clamping and ventilation increases hemodynamic lability of birth transition in preterm lambs

Joseph J Smolich, Kelly R Kenna, Michael M Cheung

JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY | AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2015

Abstract

Experimentally, a typical ∼2-min cord clamp-to-ventilation interval in preterm lambs is accompanied by increased hemodynamic lability of the birth transition. However, whether this lability is related to development of asphyxia after cord clamping, or can be avoided with a shorter clamp-to-ventilation interval, is unknown. To address these questions, anesthetized preterm fetal lambs (gestation 127 ± 2 days) were instrumented with ductus arteriosus and left pulmonary artery flow probes to obtain right ventricular (RV) output, brachiocephalic trunk and aortic isthmus flow probes to measure left ventricular (LV) output, and aortic trunk catheters for pressure measurement and blood gas analysis...

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