Journal article

AUGMENTATION OF GLUCOCORTICOID ACTION ON HUMAN MONOCYTES BY INTERLEUKIN-4

PH HART, GA WHITTY, DR BURGESS, M CROATTO, JA HAMILTON

LYMPHOKINE RESEARCH | MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC | Published : 1990

Abstract

For their anti-inflammatory effects, glucocorticoids act, at least in part, by suppression of the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by activated monocytes/macrophages. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) also suppresses similar parameters of monocyte activation in vitro. However, contrasting effects of IL-4 and dexamethasone (Dex) on monocyte tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) production suggest that these agents may operate by different pathways. We have now demonstrated that levels of IL-4 as low as 0.05-0.1 U/ml (0.6-1.2 x 10(-11)M) can augment the actions of Dex (5 x 10(-9)M) as an inhibitor of the production of monocyte pro-in..

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